Category Archives: LINUX

ExTiX 15.2 – two live DVD’s – with KDE 4.14.6 together with KDE Frameworks 5.9.0 respectively with LXQt 0.9.0

extix-logo-black-white-bgI have made two new versions of ExTiX 15.2. I call them ExTiX 15.2 LXQt Live DVD respectively ExTiX 15.2 KDE Live DVD

ABOUT BOTH VERSIONS
ExTiX Linux Live DVD’s 64 bit are based on Debian Jessie/Ubuntu 15.04. The original system includes the Desktop Environment Unity (Ubuntu). After removing Unity I have installed LXQt 0.9.0 (in ExTiX 15.2, build 150417) and KDE 4.14.6 together with KDE Frameworks 5.9.0 in an extra version also of 150417. LXQt is the Qt port and the upcoming version of LXDE, the Lightweight Desktop Environment. It is the product of the merge between the LXDE-Qt and the Razor-qt projects: A lightweight, modular, blazing-fast and user-friendly desktop environment. And KDE Frameworks are 60 addon libraries to Qt which provide a wide variety of commonly needed functionality in mature, peer reviewed and well tested libraries with friendly licensing terms.

STABLE?
Ubuntu 15.04 will be released in a stable version 150423. Regardless of this fact you can consider both my ExTiX versions of 150417 as stable. The “Final Freeze” of Ubuntu 15.04 was yesterday (150416).

The system language is ENGLISH.

Used KERNEL
My special kernel 3.19.0-14-exton corresponding Kernel.org’s kernel 3.19.3.

Feature OVERVIEW for the Linux 3.19 kernel

NEWS ABOUT ExTiX 15.2 build 150417 – two versions – LXQt or KDE Desktop environments
1. ExTiX (both versions) are now based on Ubuntu 15.04 Vivid VervetLXQt 0.9.0 (not in Ubuntu’s repositories) or KDE 4.14.6 with KDE Frameworks 5.9.0 are used as Desktop environments. All packages have been updated to the latest version by 150417 (LXQt version) and 150417 (KDE version). Kernel 3.19.0-14-exton is used. (Kernel.org‘s kernel 3.19.3). Ubuntu 15.04 to be relased 150423 will use kernel 3.19.0-14-generic.
2. Google Chrome is used as Web Browser, which makes it possible to watch Netflix movies. It is not possible in Firefox (in Linux). Both Firefox and Chrome are installed in the KDE version.
3. I have also installed BlueGriffon Web Editor. BlueGriffon is a new WYSIWYG content editor for the World Wide Web. Powered by Gecko, the rendering engine of Firefox, it’s a modern and robust solution to edit Web pages in conformance to the latest Web Standards. Only to be compared with Dreamweaver. (In my opinion).
4. Other included important/useful packages are: LibreOffice, Thunderbird, GParted, Brasero, SMPlayer, GCC and other compilation tools so that you can install packages from source. Furthermore “all” multimedia codecs. Everything the average Linux user could wish for I would say.
5. I have also installed Nvidia Graphic driver 346.59 in the LXQt version. It has support for the following GPUs: Quadro K1200, Quadro M6000, GeForce 920M, GeForce 930A, GeForce 930M, GeForce 940M, GeForce GTX 950M, GeForce GTX 960M and GeForce GTX TITAN X. This driver will be used automatically if your card is supported. Note: One reason for me to abandon Gnome 3.14 (which was used in the previous version of ExTiX) is that Gnome 3.14 won’t run together with Nvidia’s proprietary drivers.

WHAT’S SO SPECIAL about ExTiX and especially the two new versions from 150417?
1. The ExTiX ISO’s are ISO-hybrids, which means that they can very easily be transferred (copied) to a USB pen drive. You can then even run ExTiX from the USB stick and save all your system changes on the stick. I.e. you will enjoy persistence! I’ve found two scripts which make the installation to USB very simple. My tests show that they work flawlessly on USB installations of all normal Ubuntu systems.
2. Another big improvement is that both ExTiX versions can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 3 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You’ll need at least 2 GB RAM to run ExTiX that way. Running from RAM means that the system will run faster than from DVD or USB stick. Everything will be superfast I would say!
3. ExTiX is now more stable than ever. All packages have been upgraded to the latest version by 150417.
4. I’ve replaced kernel 3.18.0-10-exton with kernel 3.19.0-14-exton (Kernel.org‘s stable kernel 3.19.3) in both versions of ExTiX.
7. The installation program Ubiquity (live installer) is now working as intended. I.e. a new user (your user) will be created during the installation process.

LOG IN to LXQt repectively KDE

You can only run ExTiX live as root. Log in from Slim‘s Login Manager as root with password root in the LXQt version. Or as regards the KDE version; from console mode. Run startx to enter X/KDE. Press Ctrl Alt F1 if you don’t end up in console mode after the boot process. During a hard drive installation you will get the opportunity to create a normal user.

Install ExTiX to hard drive
In the KDE version just start the install program Ubiquity from the menu (Install ExTiX 15.2). In the LXQt version you’ll have to start up a terminal and run the command ubiquity for the installation to start. Then just follow the instructions.

USB installation
Read my instruction.

Compatibility 
A general truth: If an original system can run on a particular computer an Exton remaster of the same original system can run on the same computer. I never change a Linux system for the worse in terms of auto configuration and hardware detection, etc. It happens that I replace the original kernel, but always to a “better” one with even more native support for various hardware etc. (Which I have done in this case).

Screenshot of ExTiX 15.2 Desktop – KDE 4.14.6

Screenshot of ExTiX 15.2 Desktop – LXQt 0.9.0

NOTE THIS PLEASE
Please note again that you can only log in to both Desktop Environments (LXQt and KDE) as root with password root. ALSO: If you don’t end up in console mode in the KDE edition you must press Ctrl Alt F1 simultaneously to get a login prompt. When you have it log in as root and run the command startx to enter X/KDE.

DOWNLOAD ExTiX 15.2 (both versions) from SourceForge.net – Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

ExTiX 15.2 LXQt version can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society’s server

Run Android-x86 from a USB stick with persistence!

android-logoYesterday I discovered that “my” Android-x86 systems can be installed to a USB stick with persistence. I.e. all system changes are saved directly on the stick. This is how it is done.

1. Format a “good” USB stick with the ext3 (not ext4) filesystem. This has to be done in a installed Linux system or while running a live Linux system from CD or a USB stick.

2. Insert your formatted USB stick and start up one of “my” Android-x86 systems (KitKat or Lollipop) from CD. In the slideshow below I’m installing AndEX (Lollipop 5.0.2) to my USB stick SanDisk Contour.

Watch this slideshow (showing the install process).

What is it good for?
Well, you don’t have to touch your hard drive. Installing Android-x86 this way won’t effect your “ordinary” boot loader. And as I say above: All system changes are persistent!

Android is a trademark of Google Inc.

RaspArch :: Run Arch Linux on your Raspberry Pi 2

rasparch-logoRaspArch is a “remaster” of Arch Linux ARM. The original compressed system is of 231 MB. After I have added the LXDE Desktop environment, Firefox and Gimp the system increased to 665 MB. RaspArch is a “ready-to-go” ARM system. It must be installed on a Raspberry Pi 2 computer.

model-b-plus-300x225

Raspberry Pi model B made in February 2015. It has a 900MHz quad-core ARM Cortex-A7 CPU and 1GB RAM. Read more…

More about RaspArch
When you have installed RaspArch to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Arch Linux system. I.e. install new programs etc. Arch motto is KISS (Keep It Simple Stupid). RaspArch uses kernel 3.18.11-2-ARCH and the LXDE Desktop environment.

WHO should run Arch Linux?

My answer: The system fits the “advanced” Linux user/enthusiast, who would be willing to run an occasional command from time to time.

BENEFITS of Arch Linux
“Cutting Edge”-software and speed.

Screenshot of RaspArch’s Desktop

READ MORE…

Softpedia: Exton|OS is the first to include Linux kernel 3.19

Softpedia 150211
After releasing the first GNU/Linux distribution with Linux 3.18 kernel a couple of days after its launch back in December 2014, Arne Exton did it again, as he just announced today on Twitter that the his Exton|OS with MATE has been updated to version 150211 and includes a custom 3.19.0-5-exton kernel package based on the upstream Linux kernel 3.19.

In other words, Exton|OS is the first distribution to include the brand-new Linux kernel 3.19, which means that the operating system will offer all the features of Linux kernel 3.19. Besides having an Ubuntu 14.10 base, the Exton|OS computer operating system borrows features from the forthcoming Debian 8 (Jessie) distro, which is currently in development.

READ MORE (about Exton|OS)…

Run your Ubuntu/Debian 64 bit system with the latest stable kernel – 3.19.0!

TuxI have compiled yet another Ubuntu/Debian kernel for 64 bit systems. This time kernel 3.19.0-5-exton, equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 3.19.0, released 150209.

Feature OVERVIEW for the Linux 3.19 kernel

Install kernel 3.19.0-5-exton in Ubuntu/Debian based distributions
My self-compiled Ubuntu kernels can be used in all types of modern Ubuntu systems, including Mint. They can even be used in Debian Jessie (upcoming Debian 8). If you want to use my kernel 3.19.0-5-exton for 64 bit systems, you can DOWNLOAD it from here.

md5sum for ubuntu-kernel-64bit-3.19.0-5-exton.zip, which is of 62,0 MB.

Installation instructions
Open the zip-file with WinZip, WinRAR or 7-Zip. Or run this command: unzip ubuntu-kernel-64bit-3.19.0-5-exton.zip. Go into the folder ubuntu-kernel-64bit-3.19.0-5-exton and run this command:
sudo dpkg -i linux-headers-3.19.0-5_3.19.0-5.5_all.deb \
linux-headers-3.19.0-5-exton_3.19.0-5.5_amd64.deb \
linux-image-3.19.0-5-exton_3.19.0-5.5_amd64.deb

Then: Run command sudo update-grub (if you use Grub2).

Nvidia
It is possible to install Nvidia’s proprietary drivers if you use “my” kernel 3.19.0-5-exton. Could be useful if you like to play games. Please read this instruction. The Nvidia drivers in for example Ubuntu’s repositories – “Current” etc. – can’t be used. It is supposed to be “impossible” to install Nvidia’s latest drivers when running kernel 3.17 – 3.19 without “patches” etc. On the other hand it’s a fact that kernel 3.19 has better support for the open-source Nvidia driver Nouveau than any other older kernel.

A small clarification
“My” kernel 3.19.0-5-exton is compiled exactly the same way as all official Ubuntu kernels. That is, The Ubuntu Way. If not, the kernel would not function in a Ubuntu/Debian system.

Good luck!