Tag Archives: VirtualBox Guest Additions

An Exton remaster of Kali Linux with Refracta Snapshot so you can create your own Kali system – Build 201125

I’ve made a remix of Kali Linux 2020.4 Live.

ABOUT the Kali Linux Distribution
Kali Linux is an open source project that is maintained and funded by Offensive Security, a provider of world-class information security training and penetration testing services. In addition to Kali Linux, Offensive Security also maintains the Exploit Database and the free online course, Metasploit Unleashed. NOTE: Kali Linux is based on Debian.

MY SMALL CHANGES of the original Kali Live ISO 2020.4
1. I have replaced the original kernel with kernel 5.9.10-exton. Kernel 5.9.10 is the latest stable kernel available from Kernel.org.
2. I have installed VirtualBox Guest Additions so that you can run Kali live in full screen in VirtualBox. Watch this screenshot.
3. I have installed Nvidia’s Proprietary Graphics driver 455.45.01 so that you can use it while running Kali live (from a DVD or a USB stick). Watch this screenshot.
4. I have installed Refracta Installer. Use it to install Kali to hard drive while running Kali live. Watch this screenshot.
5. You can run Kali super fast live from RAM. Watch this screenshot.
6. I have installed Refracta Snapshot. Use it to create your very own live installable Kali system. I mean change everything to your liking and create a new ISO. Very simple. A ten year old child can do it. Watch this screenshot.

Study all installed packages in my Kali remaster…

LOGIN and Passwords
You will be logged in automatically to the Xfce4 Desktop as the ordinary user kali. The password for kali is kali. The password for root is root. You can log in to Xfce4 as root (if you want to). While logged in as kali you can use Sudo to become root.

Running my Kali remaster in VirtualBox
Everything works very good. If you want to install the system to hard drive you can do so using Refracta Installer. In the end of the installation process you’ll have to chroot and install Grub. Do it like this:
sudo su
mkdir /mnt/sda1
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/sda1 < i.e. mount the install partition
mount -t proc proc /mnt/sda1/proc
mount -o bind /sys /mnt/sda1/sys
mount –bind /dev /mnt/sda1/dev
chroot /mnt/sda1 /bin/bash < i.e. “chroot” into the install partition
apt update
apt install grub-pc
grub-install /dev/sda
update-grub
exit
Watch this screenshot.

WHY did I do it?
Answer: Just for the fun of it.

DOWNLOAD
Download my Kali remaster from SourceForge.netFast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

md5sum for kali-64bit-exton-remaster-3340mb-201125-final.iso

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at
andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX 10 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Pie 9.0 (also with GAPPS)!
and

about my Android 11, 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se
– latest is RaspAnd 11 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!

PuppEX Focal64 (Puppy Linux) with kernel 5.9.9 (latest) compatible with Ubuntu 20.04 LTS :: Build 201121

NEWS 201126 ABOUT PuppEX Build 201121 and Nvidia
Today I’ve discovered that Nvidia’s Proprietary Graphics Driver can be installed in PuppEX Build 201121 after all! Not version 450.80.02, but version 455.45.01. Watch this screenshot. Read this Article about the Open-Source NVIDIA/Nouveau vs NVIDIA Proprietary Driver.  Read about how to install the driver...

ABOUT PuppEX Focal64 Build 201121
A new PuppEX Focal64 version with kernel 5.9.9 (latest) is ready today. Unfortunately it does not have Nvidia’s Proprietary Graphics driver 450.80.02 installed (as Build 201119 has). I could not find a patch for kernel 5.9. The good news is that this new version has the kernel sources for kernel 5.9.9. This means that VirtualBox Guest Additions can be installed by you. Which also means that you can run PuppEX in full screen in VirtualBox (among other things). Watch this screenshot. When running PuppEX Build 201121 in VirtualBox you shall first save your session. After a reboot you can install the Additions. When doing so you will get an error message saying failed to remove installed version filelist not found. Fix it by running the command rm /usr/sbin/vbox-greeter /usr/sbin/vbox-uninstall-guest-additions. Watch screenshot 1 and screenshot 2.

PuppEX Focal64 Build 201121 running Spotify

READ MORE…

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at
andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX 10 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Pie 9.0 (also with GAPPS)!
and

about my Android 11, 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se
– latest is RaspAnd 11 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!

Run Raspberry Pi’s PIXEL Desktop on a PC or Mac – an Exton modified Build 201108 with Refracta Snapshot (so you can create your own Raspberrypi Debian 10 Pixel system)

NEWS 201108 about Raspberry Pi Debian 10 Pixel – 32bit – an Exton Build
My previous Debian Pixel Build from is from 191102 . Study all included packages in Build 201108 – latest by 201108. I’ve added NetworkManager and also Wicd, which makes it easier to configure wireless connections. Choose the one which works for you.

Most important changes in Build 201108
This build replaces version 161223 , 170425, 180316, 180928, 190705 and 191102 . I’ve upgraded Raspbian/Debian from Stretch to Buster – Debian 10.6 stable. I’ve also upgraded the kernel from 4.19.0-6-686-pae to 4.19.0-12-686-pae. I’ve also included kernel 4.19.0-12-686, which shall be used on older computers. PAE (Physical Address Extension) increases the physical memory addressable by the system from 4 GB to 64 GB. Firefox have been installed so you’ll have a browser when logged in as root. You can’t run Chromium as root. Another good thing about Firefox is that you can use it to watch Netflix movies. In Build 201108 I have removed Chromium. I saw no advantage in keeping it. You can run the system in full screen in VirtualBox. That’s because VirtualBox’s Guest Additions are pre-installed. Watch this screenshot.

NEWS 180928 – a YouTube video about Debian Pixel
I’ve discovered a YouTube video about my Debian Pixel Build 170425. The video is called Debian Pixel..Exton forks it for you..
This video is of course also valid for Build 201108. By watching the video you can learn a lot about Debian Pixel’s features.

OLD NEWS FROM 161223

On December 22, 2016 I read that the Raspberry Pi Foundation had announced the release of a new PIXEL image that can be booted on a PC or Mac. Study this site. I saw immediately that there was no installer included, which I thought was a little disappointing. Come to think of Refracta Tools, which work very well in Debian and Ubuntu. I quickly made a “remix” of the Raspberry Pi Foundation PIXEL image. My remix thus include Refracta Tools. This means that you can easily install the system to hard drive and you can just as easily make your own remix of the Raspberry Pi Foundation PIXEL image. I’ve added a few packages. Most important Synaptic, which I find essential.

About the PIXEL Desktop
Raspbian had its biggest update ever in September, 2016, thanks to a dazzling new desktop environment called PIXEL. Raspbian with PIXEL (which stands for “Pi Improved Xwindow Environment, Lightweight”) is a huge software update to the desktop environment. It introduces a crisp new interface, and is brimming with new programs and features.

VirtualBox and VMware
My build/image works very well in VirtualBox and VMware. I.e. you can run the system directly from the ISO file and also install it to a virtual hard drive. You can of course also make your own Raspbian/Debian system with the the PIXEL Desktop using Refracta Snapshot (pre-installed). NOTE: As regards Build 201108 you can run the system in full screen in VirtualBox. That’s because VirtualBox’s Guest Additions are pre-installed. Watch this screenshot.

KERNEL
Kernel 4.19.0-12-686-pae is used in Build 201108. PAE (Physical Address Extension) increases the physical memory addressable by the system from 4 GB to 64 GB. If you want to run the system (which is 32bit) on older computers you shall use kernel 4.19.0-12-686, which also is included.

Login and passwords
Log in to the PIXEL Desktop as the ordinary user pi or as root. The passwords are raspberrypi respectively root. When logged in as pi you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). When running Debian Pixel live (from a DVD or a USB stick) you’ll end up (after the boot process) logged in automatically as the user pi in X (PIXEL Desktop).

Windows Virtual Desktop on Azure
For smoother Raspberry PI performance a virtual PC such as azure windows virtual desktop which can be the best option due to its high end functionality and 24*7 top-notch support from a reliable desktop as a service provider.

Runs from RAM
Another great thing is that this build can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 3 (load to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or the USB stick. You’ll need at least 4 GB RAM to run the system that way. I.e. super fast!

Spotify
You may want to run Spotify. In this version of Debian Pixel you can’t install Spotify with the command sudo apt install spotify-client. Too many unfulfilled dependencies. You can, however, run Spotify Web Player. Use Firefox for that. Watch a screenshot when Spotify Web Player is running.

Important about Refracta
You can use the Refracta Snapshot (pre-installed) to create your own installable Raspberry Pi Debian 10 PIXEL system once you have installed my build to hard drive. I mean change everything and then create a whole new Debian live system. Start Refracta from Menu >> System tools >> Refracta snapshot. You don’t even have to install my build to hard drive before you can use the Refracta Snapshot. If you have plenty of RAM you can create a new (your own!) Debian PIXEL system while running my build from DVD or a USB stick. Please note that the whole Refracta process (creating your new ISO file) will only take 20 – 60 min! Please edit the configuration file /etc/refractasnapshot.conf first. Change line 45 and 46. I.e. decide where you want the ISO file to be build. The whole thing is very simple. NOTE: You can also do everything in VirtualBox or VMware. Use FileZilla (pre-installed) to transfer your new ISO file to your server. Or use Samba to transfer the ISO file to one of your Windows computers in your home Network – screenshot. NOTE: Do it while logged in as root.

Install to Debian PIXEL hard drive
Just start Refracta Installer from Menu >> System tools >> Refracta Installer and follow the instructions. Very simple.

Install Debian PIXEL to a USB stick
You can use Rufus in Windows. Persistence can’t be enabled though. The best way to do it is to burn Debian PIXEL to a DVD, start up the system from the DVD and then use Refracta Installer for the installation. Choose to install Grub in MBR on /dev/sdb. (Normally your USB stick, but check it carefully!) I.e. you will get a chance to choose between /dev/sda and /dev/sdb. This method will (of course) give you perfect persistence.

Watch the slideshow below showing the Refracta installation process in Debian PIXEL.

Windows Virtual Desktop on Azure
For smoother RaspberryPI performance a virtual PC such as azure windows virtual desktop which can be the best option due to its high end functionality and 24*7 top-notch support from a reliable desktop as a service provider.

SCREENSHOTS
Screenshot 1 – Debian PIXEL running in VirtualBox in full screen
Screenshot 2 – Samba running (reach your Windows computers in your network)
Screenshot 3 – Refracta Snapshot has started
Screenshot 4 – Refracta Installer has started
Screenshot 5 – The new Desktop
Screenshot 6 – Spotify running

DOWNLOAD
My Debian Raspberry Pi PIXEL Build 201108 for free from SourceForge.net Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

The ISO file can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.
md5sum for debian-10-pixel-32bit-pae-exton-build-1980mb-201108.iso
Raspberry Pi is a trademark of Raspberry Pi Foundation

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at
andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX 10 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Pie 9.0 (also with GAPPS)!
and

about my Android 11, 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se
– latest is RaspAnd 11 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!